What is the prosthetic dental treatment?
It is a branch of dentistry that aims to meet patients’ needs both in terms of Health and visuals by making prosthetic teeth instead of missing teeth in the mouth. The loss of teeth and surrounding tissues causes losses in terms of aesthetics, functional, phonetics, and morale. For this reason, these losses should be compensated by prosthetics. Dental prostheses can be mainly classified as fixed prostheses, mobile prostheses, and implant-based prostheses.
Fixed dentures are prostheses that are made by taking support from existing teeth and fixed by gluing them to these teeth. Because they cannot be removed by who use it, they are called fixed denture. Porcelain with or without metal infrastructure is used in the construction of fixed prosthetics. Coatings made on single teeth or bridges made by shrinking neighboring teeth to complete missing teeth are fixed types of dentures.
Moving prostheses are prostheses made by taking support from both the teeth and the remaining gum and tooth and bone tissue in the area of the lost tooth. Generally, the number and placement of teeth remaining in the mouth are preferred if it does not allow for a fixed prosthesis.
They are partially larger than fixed dentures because they have parts that also extend to toothless areas to get support from toothless cavities. They can be easily removed and inserted by the patient. In cases where teeth are partially lost, dentures attached to existing teeth by hooks (crochets) or sensitive holders are called movable partial dentures.
In cases where teeth are completely lost, full dentures are made that fit into the gum and bone in the toothless areas.
Implants are titanium screws in the shape of a tooth root that is placed in the jawbone to replace lost teeth. A lost tooth can be returned with implants in its closest form to nature, without touching neighboring teeth. A patient who has to use a moving prosthesis can convert his or her prosthesis into a fixed prosthesis, or implants can be used again to reduce the movement of the full prosthesis in the mouth and increase its retention. Implants can provide many alternative solutions to remove defects in terms of prosthetic construction.