Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that examines the clinical and microscopic structure of the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth; diagnoses the diseases affecting these tissues; applies their treatments and maintains the health gained afterwards.
Periodontology What is it?
Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that examines the clinical and microscopic structure of the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth, diagnoses the diseases affecting these tissues, applies their treatments and maintains the health gained afterwards.
Good to know
• Inflammatory conditions affecting the soft and hard tissues surrounding the gums and teeth are called periodontal disease.
• Periodontal diseases can be prevented and controlled to a large extent by the treatments applied by specialist physicians.
Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that examines the clinical and microscopic structure of the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth, diagnosing the diseases affecting these tissues, applying their treatments and maintaining the gained health status. Periodontal disease is an inflammatory condition that affects the gums and soft and hard tissues surrounding the teeth.
Tartar is formed when some proteins in the saliva stick to the tooth and bacteria settle on this sticky layer over time. The layer formed by the combination of more than one bacteria progresses over time. Failing to brush teeth regularly and disrupting oral and dental care prepares a suitable ground for the formation of tartar.
The most common gum diseases are gingivitis, chronic periodontitis, and aggressive periodontitis.
Gingivitis: It is the mildest form of periodontal diseases. The most important cause is microbial dental plaque. It is noticeable by edema, red color, shine, bleeding while brushing or spontaneously in the gums and bad breath. During this period, there is no or very little pain. Gingivitis is fully curable with treatment and proper oral care. Furthermore, objects penetrating the gums can cause abscesses and acute pain in the gums.
Chronic periodontitis: This is the most common type of periodontitis. It is present in most adults. Periodontitis progresses very slowly, its symptoms manifest late and are hardly noticeable, or it is considered normal and ignored. This sometimes causes a delay in treatment. The condition consists of the infection and destruction of the supporting tissues surrounding teeth. Respectively, the gingiva, the fibers connecting the gingiva to the tooth and the tooth root to the dental bone, and the dental bone dissolve to form a pocket. Microbial dental plaque and tartar accumulate on the root surface under the gingiva, as well as bacteria and food residues in the pocket space which multiply, causing the infection to progress into deeper tissues and reduce the support of the bone to the tooth. The symptoms manifest as a dark red, purplish gum color, gums recede/grow, gaps form in tooth, teeth appear longer, they rotate, sway, become dysfunctional, food residue accumulates between teeth and in the pockets which in turn form abscesses, generate bad breath and look unattractive.
Aggressive periodontitis: This type of periodontitis is less common but more severe and affects younger individuals. This condition can also be hereditary. The inflic ted individuals are systemically healthy. There are two types, local and common. In the local type, gingival-related clinical symptoms are few, but pocket depth and bone destruction are advanced. In the common type, both clinical signs are noticeable and bone loss affects more teeth. The treatment of this condition is more difficult and complex than chronic periodontitis.
Bleeding gums can be a sign of gum disease, or it can also occur due to other health problems. Improper brushing, harsh flossing, or improper use of dentures can lead to bleeding gums.
The first thing that comes to the mind when gums swell is gingival diseases. Symptoms such as pain and redness can accompany the swelling. You should go to the dentist without delay when this situation is encountered which can also be a sign of another health problem.
The retraction of the tissue surrounding the teeth by exposing the tooth or tooth root is called gingival recession. Gum recession can cause gaps to form in the teeth or between the gum line. These gaps create an area where bacteria can easily settle and accumulate. If gingival recession is not treated, the tissues and bone structure that support the teeth can incur serious damage, which can lead to tooth loss.
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