Orthodontics What is it?

Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the correction of upper and lower jaws and tooth intricateness.

Orthodontics Good to know

• The need for orthodontic treatment can only be determined by the dentist or orthodontist.

• Orthodontic treatment should be applied in cases such as unbalanced face and jaw structure, no contact of upper and lower teeth or excessive intertwining.

• Even though orthodontic treatments should start at a young age in order to receive positive results for the patient and the physician, orthodontic treatment can also be applied to adult people.

• The duration of orthodontic treatments can vary between 6 months to 24 months.

• Metal brackets, porcelain (transparent) brackets, lingual brackets and transparent plaques are the types of the braces.


What is orthodontic treatment and how long does it take?

The duration of orthodontic treatment varies according to the orthodontic treatment procedure and the patient’s orthodontic problem. Orthodontic treatment is continued until the desired result is achieved and takes about one year on average. However, depending on the biological structures of some individuals, the severity of the problem, and the health of their teeth and jawbones, this period can exceed 2 years. 

What is the most suitable age to start orthodontic treatment?

It would not be correct to give an exact age range for orthodontic treatment. However, orthodontic treatment is often not possible at a very young age because tooth formation has not been completed yet.

The earlier the conditions that require orthodontic treatment are detected, the more successful the treatment process and the results are. That is why regular dental check-ups are recommended starting from the age of 7. Conditions such as anterior crossbite, protrusion of the anterior teeth, and narrowness in the upper jaw are problems that can manifest themselves at this age. Of course, starting orthodontic treatment at a young age is advantageous in many ways, however, nowadays, orthodontic treatment is frequently applied also in adult patients and successful results are obtained.

Do braces promote tooth decay?

Braces and brackets applied during the orthodontic treatment process do not promote tooth decay, however patients with fixed braces need to give more importance to dental hygiene than ever before. Braces stay in the mouth for a long time and cavities can occur if necessary importance is not given to oral hygiene. This is not valid for removable orthodontic treatment. The appliances are easily cleaned as they can be removed. 

Does attaching braces hurt?

The patient does not feel any pain during the installation of braces to the teeth, however, an adaptation period of 7 to 10 days after the braces are installed will take place. Some discomfort might be felt during this period due to friction caused by lip and cheek movements while speaking, eating, smiling. After a short time, the lips and cheeks get used to the braces and brackets and this possible sensitivity ends. 

Do the teeth go back to their former position after the treatment is concluded?

The probability of tooth deterioration after orthodontic treatment varies depending on the condition of the teeth before treatment and the type of problem. For example, in the case of a split tooth problem, the teeth can separate again after the treatment, while the probability of recurrence is very low in cases such as crossbite. There are some precautionary treatments that prevent teeth from returning to their original state. When these treatments called “retainers” or “reinforcements” are applied, the result can be permanent. The aim in the active treatment process of orthodontic treatment, which is divided into active treatment and passive treatment, is to reinforce the main treatment during the passive treatment process while the teeth are being relocated and fix their position.

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    Lingual Braces

    Lingual braces fit behind the teeth so that they are completely unnoticeable throughout treatment. Patients benefit from the discretion of lingual braces, meaning they can successfully treat their smile without the stigma of wearing noticeable metal braces.

    Used to right severe orthodontic irregularities and bite issues, Lingual Braces give teeth a beautifully symmetrical look to enhance smiles in the same way as traditional braces, but without the noticeable fixtures.


    Invisalign aligners are one of the foremost invisible brace solutions. People who feel embarrassed about wearing braces can receive this discreet treatment with the assurance that they look good both during and after treatment.

    The aligners which form the Invisalign series are comfortable to wear, moving teeth gently into correct alignment. The dentist will monitor the progress of Invisalign treatment to ensure optimal orthodontic pressure is applied for beneficial results.

    Easily removed for eating and cleaning, Invisalign braces are one of the most hygienic braces. They allow for utmost confidence in normal daily activities and socialising